April 2015.

We have all been in the car with our child making conversation as we make the drive to or from home. You are eager to hear all about their day. As he/she begins to tell you about their most recent experience you realize that you have a difficult time deciphering the story because some of the speech sounds just aren’t quite right or clear. Some speech sound errors are normal during the developmental years. When a speech sound error continues to occur beyond the expected age of mastery, then this is considered a speech sound disorder. The following link will provide the expected developmental norms for speech sounds in Missouri.

https://dese.mo.gov/sites/default/files/se-cc-statenormativedata.pdf

The “A” Word

As a parent you often find yourself comparing your developing child to those of your close friends and family or even his/her peers at the neighborhood park. You closely begin to analyze each developmental milestone; you know the ones that you researched on the Internet! Now you are secretly questioning the way that your child completes day-to-day tasks. As speech-language pathologists working with the pediatric population, we are often asked about the “A” word that has so many parents scared and concerned. Autism spectrum disorders can affect communication, social interaction, as well as other aspects of daily life. The following link will provide some early signs of autism spectrum disorders in infants and hopefully allow early intervention to be initiated sooner.

https://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/learn-signs

If you are faced with the “A” word, know that you are not alone. Autism spectrum disorders affect about 1 in 68 children according to estimates from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network. Take one day at a time and as the following link says, “be free to enjoy the very special, the very lovely things…about Holland”

http://www.our-kids.org/archives/Holland.html

Tummy time is considered laying your baby on his/her belly to play with supervision on a safe surface, such as the floor. It is important to incorporate tummy time into a daily routine for infants for strengthening and coordination to prepare them for meeting other developmental milestones. Tummy time can begin when you bring your baby home from the hospital, unless otherwise specified by your pediatrician. It is recommended to begin tummy time with 3-5 minute sessions throughout the day and eventually build up to 40-60 minute sessions. You can sit in front of your baby or place toys in front of or around your baby for him/her to explore and facilitate your baby lifting and turning his/her head and reaching.

** The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends babies sleep on their backs due to safety reasons.

Benefits include:

  • Strengthens neck, shoulder, and back muscles
  • It is a precursor to other developmental milestones (such as rolling over and crawling)
  • Helps prevent flat head (positional plagiocephaly) and positional torticollis
  • Aids in visual development

Sources:

http://www.aota.org/about-occupational-therapy/patients-clients/childrenandyouth/tummy-time.aspx

http://pathways.org/growth-development/tummy-time/?gclid=CMCZusa07sMCFYI_aQodpXEAJg