Category: exercise.


Torticollis is a condition in which the head becomes persistently turned to one side, often associated with painful muscle spasms. Torticollis comes from two Latin root words, “tortus” and “collum” which translate to “twisted neck.” Typical presentation of torticollis is a child with their head tilted towards one side with their chin turned the opposite direction (see photo below). Torticollis is generally classified within one of two etiologies, or causes: congenital (present at birth) or acquired (occurring later in infancy or childhood). Torticollis generally affects the Sternocleidomastoid (SCM), a major muscle in the neck region (see picture below), its main function to rotate the head to the opposite side and laterally flex to the same side. Regardless of the etiology of torticollis, the SCM becomes shortened and develops a contracture which limits the child’s range of motion for turning their head or side bending.

For additional information regarding Torticollis signs/symptoms and when intervention is appropriate, visit

Tummy time is considered laying your baby on his/her belly to play with supervision on a safe surface, such as the floor. It is important to incorporate tummy time into a daily routine for infants for strengthening and coordination to prepare them for meeting other developmental milestones. Tummy time can begin when you bring your baby home from the hospital, unless otherwise specified by your pediatrician. It is recommended to begin tummy time with 3-5 minute sessions throughout the day and eventually build up to 40-60 minute sessions. You can sit in front of your baby or place toys in front of or around your baby for him/her to explore and facilitate your baby lifting and turning his/her head and reaching.

** The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends babies sleep on their backs due to safety reasons.

Benefits include:

  • Strengthens neck, shoulder, and back muscles
  • It is a precursor to other developmental milestones (such as rolling over and crawling)
  • Helps prevent flat head (positional plagiocephaly) and positional torticollis
  • Aids in visual development