What is TORTICOLLIS?
Torticollis is a condition in which the head becomes persistently turned to one side, often associated with painful muscle spasms. Torticollis comes from two Latin root words, “tortus” and “collum” which translate to “twisted neck.” Typical presentation of torticollis is a child with their head tilted towards one side with their chin turned the opposite direction (see photo below). Torticollis is generally classified within one of two etiologies, or causes: congenital (present at birth) or acquired (occurring later in infancy or childhood). Torticollis generally affects the Sternocleidomastoid (SCM), a major muscle in the neck region (see picture below), its main function to rotate the head to the opposite side and laterally flex to the same side. Regardless of the etiology of torticollis, the SCM becomes shortened and develops a contracture which limits the child’s range of motion for turning their head or side bending.
For additional information regarding Torticollis signs/symptoms and when intervention is appropriate, visit http://dinosaurpt.blogspot.com/2012/05/torticollis.html?updated-min=2014-01-01T00:00:00-05:00&updated-max=2015-01-01T00:00:00-05:00&max-results=17